Journal Articles & Reports
Aguirre, P. (2000). Socioanthropological Aspects of Obesity in Poverty. Obesity and Poverty: A New Public Health Challenge, 1(1), 11-22.
Alaimo K, Briefel RR, Frongillo EA, Jr., Olson CM. (1998) Food insufficiency exists in the United States: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Am J Public Health 88:419-26.
Algazy J., Gipstein, S., Riahi F. and Tyron, K. (2010). Why governments must lead the fight against obesity McKinsey Quarterly. McKinsey & Company.
Anderson, S. E., and R. C. Whitaker. 2010. Household routines and obesity in US preschool aged children. Pediatrics 125(3):420-428.
Baum, C.L. (2011). The Effects of Food Stamps on Obesity. Southern Economic Journal, 77(3), 623-651.
Bickel, G., Nord, M., Price, C., Hamilton, W. & Cook, J. (2000). Guide to Measuring Household Food Security, Revised 2000. Alexandria, VA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
Blisard, N. & Stewart, H. (2006). How Low Income Households Allocate Their Food Budget Relative to the Cost of the Thrifty Food Plan. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Research Report No. 20.
Blumenthal, S. J., Hoffnagle, E. E., et al. (2013) Strategies to improve the dietary quality of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) beneficiaries: an assessment of stakeholder opinions. Public Health Nutrition, 17(12), 2824-2833.
Bodor, J. N., Ulmer, V. M., Dunaway, L. F., Farley, T. A., & Rose, D. (2010). The Rationale behind Small Food Store Interventions in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods: Insights from New Orleans. The Journal of Nutrition, 140, 1185-1188.
Breunig, R., Dasgupta, I., Gundersen, C., & Pattanaik, P. (2001). Explaining the Food Stamp Cash-Out Puzzle. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 12. Washington, D.C.
Carlson, A., Lino, M., Juan, W.-Y., Hanson, K., & Basiotis, P. P. (2007). Thrifty Food Plan, 2006 (CNPP-19). Washington, D.C., U.S. Department of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy andPromotion.
Cofer, E., Grossman, E., & Clark, F. (1962). Family food plans and food costs. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. Home Economics Research Report No. 20.
Cole, N., Jacobson, J., Nichols-Barrer, I., & Fox, M. K. (2011). WIC Food Packages Policy Options Study Final Report. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Research and Analysis. Report No. WIC-11-FOOD.
Coppock, J. (1947). The Food Stamp Plan: Moving surplus commodities with special purpose money. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 37, 131-200.
Cunnyngham, K. E., Castner, L. A., Schirm, A. L. (2011). Empirical Bayes Shrinkage Estimates of State Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates in 2006-2008 for All Eligible People and the Working Poor. Mathematica Policy Research. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, Contract No. AG-3198-K-09-0035.
Daniel, S. R, Arnett D. K., Eckel, R. H., Gitting, S. S., Hayman, L. L., Kumanyika, S., Robinson, T. N., Scott, B. J., St. Jeor, S., & Williams, C. L. (2005). Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. Circulation, 111, 1999–2002.
Dinour, L. M., Bergen, D. & Yeh, M.-C. (2007). The Food Insecurity-Obesity Paradox: A Review of the Literature and the Role Food Stamps May Play. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107, 1952-1961.
Drewnowski, A., & Darmon, N. (2005). The economics of obesity: dietary energy density and energy cost. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 82, 265S-273S.
Drewnowski, A., & Specter, S. (2004). Poverty and Obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 79, 6-16.
Ernst, N. D., Wu, M., Frommer, P., Katz, E., Matthews, O., & Moskowitz, J. (1986). Nutrition education at the point of purchase: The foods for health project evaluated. Prev Medicine, 15, 60-73.
Finkelstein, E. A., French, S., Variyam, J. N., & Haines, P. S. (2004). Pros and cons of proposed interventions to promote healthy eating. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(3S), 163-171.
Finkelstein, E. A., & Trogdon, J. G. (2008). Public health interventions for addressing childhood overweight: analysis of the business case. American Journal of Public Health, 98, 411-5.
Finkelstein, E. A., Trogdon, J. G., Cohen, J. W. & Dietz, W. (2009). Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health Affairs, 28(5), w822-31.
Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., & Curtin, L. R. (2010). Prevalence and Trends in Obesity Among US Adults, 1999-2008. JAMA, 303, 235-41.
Foerster, S., & Gregson, G. (2011). Commentary: From the Network for a Healthy California. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 43(4S2), S48-S52.
Foster, G., Sherman, S., Borradaile, K. E., Grundy, K. M., Vander Veur, S. S., Nachmani, J., Karpyn, A., Kumanyika, S. and Shults, J. (2008) A policy-based school intervention to prevent overweight and obesity. Pediatrics 121 (4), e794.
Fox, M. K., Hamilton, W. & Lin, B-H. (2004). Effects of Food Assistance and Nutrition Programs on Nutrition and Health: Volume 3, Literature Review. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 19-3.
Fraker, T. M. (1990). The Effects of Food Stamps on Food Consumption: a Review of the Literature. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
Fraker, T., Martini, A., & Ohls, J. (1995). The Effect of Food Stamp Cashout on Food Expenditures: An Assessment of the Findings from Four Demonstrations. The Journal of Human Resources, 30, 633-649.
Franco, M., Diez-Roux, A. V., Nettleton, J. A., Lazo, M., Brancati, F., Caballero, B., Glass, T., & Moore, L. V. (2009). Availability of healthy foods and dietary patterns: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89(3), 897-904.
Freedman, D. S., Zuguo, M., Srinivasan, S. R., Berenson, G. S., & Dietz, W. H. (2007). Cardiovascular risk factors and excess adiposity among overweight children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Journal of Pediatrics, 150(1), 12–17.
Frongillo, E. A., Jyoti, D. F., & Jones, S. J. (2006). Food Stamp Program participation is associated with better academic learning among school children. Journal of Nutrition, 136(4), 1077-1080.
Gibson, D. (2003). Food Stamp Program Participation Is Positively Related to Obesity in Low Income Women. Journal of Nutrition, 133, 2225-31.
Gooding, HC., Walls CE., Richmond TK. (2011). Food insecurity and Increased BMI in Young Adult Women. Obesity (SilverSpring), 233.
Gittelsohn, J., Dyckman, W., Tan, M. L., Boggs, M. K., Frick, K. D., Alfred, J., Winch, P. J., Haberle, H., Palafox, N. A. (2006). Development and Implementation of a Food Store-Based Intervention to Improve Diet in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Health Promotion Practice, 7, 396-405.
Gundersen, C., Jolliffe, D. & Tiehen, L. (2009). The Challenge of Program Evaluation: When Increasing Program Participation Decreases the Relative Well-Being of Participants. Food Policy, 34, 367-376.
Gundersen. C. & Kreider B. (2009). Bounding the effects of food insecurity on children‘s health outcomes. Journal of Health Economics, 28(5), 971-983.
Gundersen, C. & Oliveira V. (2001). The Food Stamp Program and Food Insufficiency. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 83(4), 875-887.
Gundersen, C., D. Mahatmya, S. Garasky, & Lohman, B.(2010). Linking psychosocial stressors and childhood obesity. Obesity Reviews DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00813.x.
Guthrie, J. F., Lin, B.-H., Ver Ploeg, M., & Frazao, E. (2007). Can Food Stamps Do More to Improve Food Choices? U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Information Bulletin 29-1.
Han, E. Powell, L. M. & Pugach, O. (2011). The heterogenous relationship of food stamp participation with body mass: Quantile regression model. Food Policy, 36, 499-506.
Herman, D. R., Harrison, G. G., Afifi, A. A. & Jenks, E. (2008). Effect of a Targeted Subsidy on Intake of Fruits and Vegetables Among Low-Income Women in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children. American Journal of Public Health, 98(1), 98-105.
Hunt, M. K., Lefebvre, R. C., Hixson, M. L., Banspach, S. W., Assaf, A. R., & Carleton, R. A.
(1990). Pawtucket Heart Health Program point-of-purchase nutrition education program in supermarkets. American Journal of Public Health, 80, 730-732.
Institute of Medicine. (2005). WIC Food Packages: Time for a Change, Committee to Review the WIC Food Packages, Food and Nutrition Board, Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Institute of Medicine. (2011). Hunger and Obesity: Understanding a Food Insecurity Paradigm: Workshop Summary. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.
Institute of Medicine. (2015). Cross-Sector Responses to Obesity: Models for Change: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Ishdorj, A. Jensen, H.H. & Tobias, J. (2008). Intra-Household Allocation and Consumption of WIC-Approved Foods: A Bayesian Approach. Advances in Econometrics, 23, 157-187.
Jensen, H. H. (2002). Food Insecurity and the Food Stamp Program. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 84(5), 1215-28.
Jensen, H. H. & Wilde, P. E. (2010). More Than Just Food: The Diverse Effects of Food Assistance Programs. Choices, 25(3). Retrieved from:http://www.choicesmagazine.org/magazine/article.php?article=139.
Jetter, K. M., & Cassady, D. L. (2006). Increasing Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Availability in a Low-Income Neighborhood Convenience Store: A Pilot Study. Health Promotion Practice, 11, 694-702.
Jilcott, S. B., Liu, H., Dubose, K. D., Chen, S., & Kranz, S. (2011). Food stamp participation is associated with fewer meals away from home, yet higher body mass index and waist circumference in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 43(2), 110-115.
Kimbro, R. T. & Rigby, E. (2010). Federal Food Policy and Childhood Obesity: a Solution or Part of the Problem? Health Affairs, 29(3), 411-418.
Kushel, M. B., Gupta, R., Gee, L., & Haas, J. S. (2006). Housing Instability and Food Insecurity as Barriers to Health Care Among Low-Income Americans. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(1), 71-77.
Landers, P. S. (2007). The Food Stamp Program: History, Nutrition Education, and Impact. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(11), 1945-1951.
Lang, J. E., Mercer, N., Tran, D., & Mosca, L. (2000). Use of a supermarket shelf-labeling program to educate a predominately minority community about foods that promote heart health. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 100, 804-809.
Lee, B. J., Mackery-Bilaver, L., & Chin, M. (2006). Effects of WIC and Food Stamp Program participation on child outcomes. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Contractor and Cooperator Report, 27. Retrieved from: http://ddr.nal.usda.gov/dspace/bitstream/10113/33688/1/CAT31012177.pdf
Leftin, J., Eslami, E. & Strayer, M. (2011). Trends in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates: Fiscal Year 2002 to Fiscal Year 2009. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service.
Leung, C. W., Blumenthal, S. J., et al. (2013). Associations of Food Stamp Participation With Dietary Quality and Obesity in Children. Pediatrics, 131(3), 463-472.
Leung, C. W., Hoffnagle, E. E., et al. (2013). A qualitative study of diverse experts’ views about barriers and strategies to improve the diets and health of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) beneficiaries. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(1), 70-76.
Meyerhoefer, C. D. & Pylypchuk, Y. (2008). Does Participation in the Food Stamp Program Increase the Prevalence of Obesity and Healthcare Spending? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 90(2), 287-305.
Monsivais, P., Aggarwal, A., & Drewnowski, A. (2011). Following Federal Guidelines To Increase Nutrient Consumption May Lead To Higher Food Costs For Consumers. Health Affairs, 30(8), 1471-1477
Nord, M. (2009). Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-56).
Nord, M., Coleman-Jensen, A., Andrews, M., & Carlson, S. (2010). Household Food Security in the United States, 2009. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Research Report No. 108.
Nord, M. & Golla A.M. (2009). Does SNAP Decrease Food Insecurity? Untangling the Self-Selection Effect. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Research Report No. 85.
Nord, M. & Prell, M. (2007). Struggling To Feed the Family: What Does It Mean To Be Food Insecure. Amber Waves. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Retrieved from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/June07/Features/Struggling.htm.
Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., Lamb, M. M. & Flegal, K. M. (2010). Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA, 303, 242-9.
Oliveira, V., & Chandran, R. (2005). Children’s consumption of WIC-approved foods. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 44.
Oliveira, V., & Frazão, E. (2009). The WIC Program Background, Trends and Economic Issues 2009 Edition. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Research Report Number 73.
Oliviera, V., & Gundersen, C. (2000). WIC and the nutrient intake of children. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 5.
Olshansky, S.J., Passaro, D., Hershow, R., Layden, J., Carnes, B., Brody, J., Hayflick, L., Butler, R.,Allison, D., Ludwig, D. (2005). A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. New England Journal of Medicine, 352: 1138-45.
Pan, S. & Jensen, H. H. (2008). Does the Food Stamp Program Affect Food Security Status and the Composition of Food Expenditures? Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 40 (1, April):21-35.
Popkin, B. M., Duffey, K., & Gordon-Larsen, P. (2005). Environmental influences on food choice, physical activity and energy balance. Physiology and Behavior, 86, 603-13.
Rank, M. R. & Hirschl, T. A. (2009). Estimating the Risk of Food Stamp Use and Impoverishment During Childhood. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 163, 994-999.
Rose, Diego. (2007). Food Stamps, the Thrifty Food Plan, and Meal Preparation: The Importance of the Time Dimension for US Nutrition Policy. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 39, 226-232.
Schmeiser, M. (2011). The Impact of Long-Term Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program on Child Obesity. Health Economics. DOI: 10.1002/hec.1714.
Schumacher, G., Nischan, M. & Simon, D. (2011) ―Healthy Food Access and Affordability” “We Can Pay the Farmer or We Can Pay the Hospital”. Maine Policy Review, 20, 124-139.
Seymour, J. D., Yaroch, A. L., Serdula, M., Blanck, H. M., Khan, L. K. (2004). Impact of nutrition environmental interventions on point-of-purchase behavior on adults: a review. Preventive Medicine. 39, S108-S136.
Shelomenseff, D., Whaley, S., Ritchie L. D. (2010). California WIC‘s Healthy Habits Campaign: Impact on WIC Participants. Journal of Nutrition Education, 42, S131.
Simon, A., Chan, K. & Forrest, C. (2008). Assessment of children‘s health-related quality of life in the United States with a multidimensional index. Pediatrics, 121, e118-e126.
Song, H. J., Gittelsohn, J., Kim, M., Suratkar, S., Sharma, S. & Anliker, J. (2009). A corner store intervention in a low-income urban community is associated with increased availability and sales of some healthy foods. Public Health Nutrition, 12, 2060–7.
Stewart, H., Hyman, J., Buzby, J. C., Frazão, E., & Carlson, A. (2011). How Much Do Fruits and Vegetables Cost? U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Information Bulletin No. 71.
Stewart, H., & Dong, D. (2011). Variation in retail costs for fresh vegetables and salty snacks across communities in the United States. Food Policy, 36, 128-135.
Sugerman, S., Foerster, S. B., Gregson, J., Linares, A., & Hudes, M. (2011). California adults increase fruit and vegetable consumption from 1997-2007. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 43(4S2), S96-S104.
Swinburn, B., G. Egger, et al. (1999). Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity. Preventive Medicine 29 (6 Pt 1): 563-70.
Townsend, M. S., Peerson, J., Love, B., Achterberg, C., & Murphy, S. P. (2001). Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 1738-1745.
Trasande, L. & Chatterjee, S. (2009). The impact of obesity on health service utilization and cost in childhood. Obesity, 17(9), 1749-54.
Trust for America‘s Health. (2011). F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America‘s Future. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from: http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2010/Obesity2010Report.pdf.
Unnevehr, L., Eales, J., Jensen, H. H., Lusk, J., McCluskey, J., & Kinsey, J. (2010). Food and consumer economics. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 92(2), 506–521.
USDA ERS. (2011). Diet Quality and Food Consumption: The National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Retrieved from:
USDA/Food and Nutrition Service. (2010, Mar. 16). Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Putting Healthy Food Within Reach. Press Release No. 0241.08. Retrieved from: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Rules and Regulations.
USDA/Food and Nutrition Service. (2010, Nov. 15). USDA Report Outlines Food Access in America: Study Underscores the Important Role of Federal Nutrition Assistance Programs. Press Release No. 0605.10. Retrieved from: http://www.fns.usda.gov/cga/PressReleases/2010/0605.htm.
USDA/Food and Nutrition Service. (2011, Aug. 11a). Healthy Incentives Pilot. Retrieved from: http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/hip/default.htm.
U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2008). Food Stamp Program: Options for Delivering Financial Incentives to Participants for Purchasing Targeted Foods (GAO-08-415). Washington, D.C.
Ver Ploeg, M., Breneman, V., Farrigan, T., Hamrick, K., Hopkins, D., Kaufman, P. … Tuckermanty, E. (2009). Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food—Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences: Report to Congress. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Administrative Publication No. 36.
Ver Ploeg, M. (2010). Access to Affordable, Nutritious Food Is Limited in ―Food Deserts. Amber Waves. Retrieved from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/March10/Features/FoodDeserts.htm.
Ver Ploeg, M., Mancino, L., Lin, B.-H. & Wang, C. (2007). The vanishing weight gap: trends in obesity among adult food stamp participants (US) (1976-2002). Economics and Human Biology, 5, 20-36.
Ver Ploeg, M., L. & Ralston, K. (2008). Food Stamps and Obesity: What Do We Know? U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Economic Information Bulletin No. 34.
Wang, Y., K. McPherson, et al. (2011). Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK. Lancet 378: 815-825.
Wilde, P. E. (2007). Measuring the Effect of Food Stamps on Food Insecurity and Hunger: Research and Policy Considerations. Journal of Nutrition, 137, 307-310.
Wilde, P. E., McNamara, P. E. & Ranney, C. K. (1999). The effect of income and food programs on dietary quality: A seemingly unrelated regression analysis with error components. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 81,959-71.
Wilde, P. E., Troy, L. M., & Rogers, B. L. (2009). Food stamps and food spending: An Engel function approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 91(2), 416-430.
Wrigley, N. (2002). ‘Food Deserts’ in British Cities: Policy Context and Research Priorities. Urban Studies, 39, 2029-2040.
Zagorsky, J. & Smith, P. (2009). Does the U.S. Food Stamp Program contribute to adult weight gain? Economics and Human Biology, 7(2), 246-258.